Listed as a destitute freedman at Warwick County. For records on indigent freedmen see Elizabeth Cann Kambourian, comp. & ed., The Freedmen’s Bureau in Virginia, Names of the Destitute Freedmen Dependent Upon the Government in the Military Districts of Virginia (Heritage Books:Bowie, MD: 1997); Carolyn Hardin Goudie, “Downey Farm List of Indigent Freedmen,” Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, vol. 35, no. 1, pg. 13 (winter: 1997).