Charles Lewis was one of three slaves convicted of conspiracy to make an insurrection 03 JUN 1861. Lewis was charged, along with another slave who also belongied to Dr. Richard Epps of City Point, and a slave from Shirley Plantation of conspiring “to rebel or make insurrection by conversing together about the Northern Army & their expectations of being set free & having arms put in their hands & their readyness to rebel against their masters.” Thirty nine lashes was the sentence imposed on each slave. Charles City County Records, Library of Virginia Archives, Ended Causes, Box 33, BC#1044799. Edmund Ruffin wrote about this conspiracy in his diary on May 26th. Ruffin stated that the conspiracy involved slaves on both sides of the river and had been in progress for six to eight months. The conspirators allegedly made their plans under the cover of night meetings for pretended religious worship. At the time of the diary entry the responsible slaves had not been apprehended, but Ruffin wrote that slaves at Eppes Island and at Shirley were thought to be the most guilty. William Kauffman Scarborough, The Diary of Edmund Ruffin, (Louisiana State Univ. Press: Baton Rouge: 1976) vol II, p. 35.